What are Comedones?
Whiteheads, also known as milia or closed comedones, are hard white bumps caused by the collection of oil and dead skin cells inside pores. True whiteheads are not hard or swollen, and they do not contain pus. If a clogged pore is covered with skin, it is a whitehead, but if the pore opens to the skin's surface, it oxidizes and becomes a blackhead. The key to skin care for acne is consistency. An overnight cure has not been found. But using good skin care methods aids in the daily, steady improvement of follicle health. Since acne is not caused by eating certain foods, restricting the diet is not helpful. Since it is also not caused by "dirty" skin, excessively scrubbing does not help and can even make the skin more irritated.
The best skin care for comedones consists of once-a-day cleansing with a mild soap or facial scrub to aid in the removal of excess sebum and dead skin cells. Oil-based makeup should not be used since these can contribute to the buildup of oil in the follicles.
Water-based makeup labeled as non-comedogenic can be used safely. Treatment for White head and Black head: One of the most effective methods you can use to get rid of whiteheads at home consists of steaming your face over a basin of boiling water for five to 10 minutes.
Steaming opens the pores and allows the blemish to drain more easily. After steaming, you can gently push the whitehead out of the pore. This requires delicacy, as you may cause scars or broken veins if you try to force out a stubborn whitehead.
Apple cider vinegar – Believed to help normalize your skin's natural pH balance, apple cider vinegar may help with all types of blemishes, including whiteheads. For the best results, dab the liquid onto the affected area just after steaming, or just after washing your face with a mild cleanser. Do not rinse.
Honey – Honey contains antibacterial properties believed to help improve acne, including blackheads and whiteheads. Apply honey directly to problem areas after thoroughly cleansing the skin. Leave on for about 10 minutes, and rinse off with warm water.
Lemon juice – Lemon juice dries excess oil and may help expedite the healing of whiteheads and other pimples. Wipe fresh lemon juice onto your whiteheads with a cotton ball just before bedtime. The blemish may disappear by morning. If not, repeat until each night until it's gone.