Beauty tips for You

“It's beauty that captures attention,and its personality that captures heart"

Shingles( Herpes zoster):

Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox and can be spread to people who have not had chickenpox.
Shingles is a skin rash caused by a nerve and skin inflammation from the same virus that previously caused chickenpox. This virus is called the varicella zoster virus (VZV) and belongs to the herpes family of viruses. After an individual has chickenpox, this virus lives dormant in the nervous system and is never fully cleared from the body. Under certain circumstances, such as emotional stress, immune deficiency (from AIDS or chemotherapy), or with cancer, the virus reactivates and causes shingles. In most cases of shingles, however, a cause for the reactivation of the virus is never found. Anyone who has ever had chickenpox is at risk for the development of shingles, although it occurs most commonly in people over the age of 60. It has been estimated that up to 1,000,000 cases of shingles occur each year in the U.S.

Causes of Shingles:

A number of factors increase your risk of reactivating the dormant varicella zoster virus and developing shingles including:
  • Being an older adult with a history of having had chickenpox who has not gotten the shingles vaccination
  • Having a condition that weakens the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, chemotherapy, or an organ transplant. Having a weakened or impaired immune system also increases the risk for having recurring episodes of shingles.
  • Recent illness
  • Stress

Treatment of Shingles:

There is no cure for shingles, but treatment may shorten the length of illness and prevent complications. Treatment options include:
  • Antiviral medicines to reduce the pain and duration of shingles.
  • Pain medicines, antidepressants, and topical creams to relieve long-term pain.


              The name psoriasis is from Ancient Greek, meaning roughly "itching condition" (psora "itch" + -sis "action, condition").
Psoriasis  is an autoimmune disease that affects the skin. It occurs when the immune system mistakes the skin cells as a pathogen, and sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious. However, psoriasis has been linked to an increased risk of stroke, and treating high blood lipid levels may lead to improvement.There are five types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic.
Signs and symptoms of psoriasis :
  • Plaques of red, inflamed skin, often covered with loose, silver-colored scales. These plaques may be itchy and painful and sometimes crack and bleed. In severe cases, the plaques will grow and merge into one another, covering large areas.
  • Disorders of the fingernails and toenails, including discoloration and pitting of the nails. The nails may also begin to crumble or detach from the nail bed.
  • Scaly plaques on the scalp.
  • Small areas of bleeding where the involved skin is scratched.

Rosacea- a kind of skin problem

Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition which principally affects the face. Rosacea causes facial redness and produces small, red, pus-filled pustules (bumps). Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It is often mistaken for acne or eczema, or some other skin allergy.
Approximately 1 in every 20 Americans - 14 million people - are estimated to be affected with rosacea. As it is frequently misdiagnosed the incidence may be a lot higher. A Gallup survey revealed that 78% of Americans do not know anything about rosacea, its symptoms or what to do about it.
The following lists the signs and symptoms through a classification system that rosacea experts created. To be diagnosed with rosacea, a person must have at least one of the primary features. They also tend to have several secondary features. 

Primary Features of Rosacea 

The following are the primary features of rosacea, and a person must have one or more of these on the mid-face. 
Flushing that comes and goes
Persistent flushing
Bumps and pimples
Visible blood vessels
While having one or more of these features does not mean a person has rosacea, without one of these features a diagnosis of rosacea is rare.

Secondary Features of Rosacea

Rosacea sufferers with primary features also tend to have one or more of the following signs and symptoms, which are the secondary features. However, some people may experience only one or more of these secondary features:
Burning or stinging of facial skin
Raised red patches
Appearance of dry skin
Facial swelling
Eye problems, such as burning or itching, sties or chalazia (cyst of the eyelid)
One or more primary feature (listed above) on another area of the body
Thickening of the skin, such as rhinophyma, which is a thickening of the skin on the nose.

Four Subtypes of Rosacea: 
Rosacea experts created four distinct subtypes (when primary and secondary features commonly occur together). They agree that rosacea patients may have the signs and symptoms of more than one subtype at the same time. 

Subtype 1: Facial Redness, Flushing, Visible Blood Vessles
Subtype: Erythematotelangiectatic type rosacea

Signs and symptoms:
Flushing and persistent redness of the central face (main characteristicc) 
Visible blood vessels often seen
Swelling of the central face
Stinging and burning sensations
Dry skin, roughness or scaling
A history of flushing (This alone is common among patients with this subtype. 

Subtype 2: Bumps and Pus-filled Lesions
Subtype: Papulopustular rosacea

Signs and symptoms:
Acne-like bumps and pus-filled lesions form, which is why this subtype is often called “acne rosacea.” The breakouts tend to come and go and may appear along with persistent facial redness, primarily on the central face.
Burning and stinging sensations may occur 
Visible blood vessels may be present

Subtype 3: Thickening Skin
Subtype: Phymatous rosacea

Thickening skin
Irregular skin texture and enlarging skin, especially of the nose—may also occur on the chin, forehead, cheeks and ear
Visible blood vessels or large pores may appear in the affected area 
This subtype frequently occurs with or follows another subtype.

Subtype 4: Eye Problems
Subtype: Ocular rosacea

 What are Comedones?

Whiteheads, also known as milia or closed comedones, are hard white bumps caused by the collection of oil and dead skin cells inside pores. True whiteheads are not hard or swollen, and they do not contain pus. If a clogged pore is covered with skin, it is a whitehead, but if the pore opens to the skin's surface, it oxidizes and becomes a blackhead. The key to skin care for acne is consistency. An overnight cure has not been found. But using good skin care methods aids in the daily, steady improvement of follicle health. Since acne is not caused by eating certain foods, restricting the diet is not helpful. Since it is also not caused by "dirty" skin, excessively scrubbing does not help and can even make the skin more irritated.
The best skin care for comedones consists of once-a-day cleansing with a mild soap or facial scrub to aid in the removal of excess sebum and dead skin cells. Oil-based makeup should not be used since these can contribute to the buildup of oil in the follicles.

Water-based makeup labeled as non-comedogenic can be used safely. Treatment for White head and Black head: One of the most effective methods you can use to get rid of whiteheads at home consists of steaming your face over a basin of boiling water for five to 10 minutes.
Steaming opens the pores and allows the blemish to drain more easily. After steaming, you can gently push the whitehead out of the pore. This requires delicacy, as you may cause scars or broken veins if you try to force out a stubborn whitehead.
Apple cider vinegar – Believed to help normalize your skin's natural pH balance, apple cider vinegar may help with all types of blemishes, including whiteheads. For the best results, dab the liquid onto the affected area just after steaming, or just after washing your face with a mild cleanser. Do not rinse.
 Honey – Honey contains antibacterial properties believed to help improve acne, including blackheads and whiteheads. Apply honey directly to problem areas after thoroughly cleansing the skin. Leave on for about 10 minutes, and rinse off with warm water.
 Lemon juice – Lemon juice dries excess oil and may help expedite the healing of whiteheads and other pimples. Wipe fresh lemon juice onto your whiteheads with a cotton ball just before bedtime. The blemish may disappear by morning. If not, repeat until each night until it's gone.